To go straight to the project reports, please use our quick reference guide. For summaries of TRAVEL PLAN PLUS reports and an introduction to resources please see below.
Communication and Dissemination – Work Package 7
D7.2 How to create and sustain a Local Travel Plan Network
This is the distance learning short course developed through the TRAVEL PLAN PLUS project. This short course is aimed at anyone involved in or interested in learning more about Local Travel Plan Networks. Participants could include:
The objectives of this distance learning short course are:
Click here to register for the short course and to find out what technology is required to make the most of this resource.
D7.3 Local Travel Plan Network Workshop: practical lessons in developing an area-based travel plan, Cambridge UK
This TRAVEL PLAN PLUS event, organised by the consortium and the National Business Travel Network, took place on Tuesday 30 November 2010.
The workshop was open to organisations and individuals with an interest in developing and implementing a Local Travel Plan Network. Participants joined the project partners and the advisory committee of to find out more about the project and to learn from presenters and each other.
This was achieved through a mixture of presentations, workshop sessions and networking opportunities. Further details, including recordings of presentations and outputs of workshops sessions are available here.
A number of participants attended the workshop as a part of a PIMMS-TRANSFER promoting the exchange of good practice between European regions. This transfer will assist with the dissemination of LTPNs across Sweden.
Policy Framework and Implementation Guideline – Work Package 6
D6.1 Local Travel Plan Networks: Recommendations for policy makers
This guide is aimed at policy makers. It is designed to create a policy environment which supports the implementation of LTPNs. Key policy recommendations are that:
D6.2 Local Travel Plan Networks: A Practical Guide to Implementation
This guide is aimed at LTPN implementers or potential implementers. It takes readers through 6 steps to creating a LTPN.
Based on the experience of the implementation partners and research carried out through TRAVEL PLAN PLUS the key practical recommendations are:
Monitoring and Evaluation – Work Package 5
D5.1 Local Travel Plan Networks: Monitoring Report
A data monitoring and evaluation framework was developed for TRAVEL PLAN PLUS, it outlined the main aims of WP5. These were:
The framework comprised:
In addition, external factors, including changes to transport supply; the area (economy, employment conditions and the political situation); and other changes, for example the average distance travelled to the site were assessed to understand the true value of the TRAVEL PLAN PLUS measures.
For more information on the data monitoring framework see the Local Travel Plan Networks: Monitoring Report.
For further information on the Interim Evaluation Report D5.2, see the combined D4.5 and D5.2 Interim implementation and Evaluation Report.
D4.5 and D5.2 Interim implementation and Evaluation Report
This comprehensive interim reports highlights the progress made at each of the TRAVEL PLAN PLUS implementation sites. It focused on the outputs of two different work packages of LTPN development:
As a result of the interim review preliminary lessons learnt, recommendation and conclusions are also included in this document (Sections 5 and 6).
For further details on any of these aspects see the Interim Implementation and Evaluation Report.
D4.6 and D5.3 Final implementation and Evaluation Report
This final report applied the data monitoring framework details in Local Travel Plan Networks: Monitoring Report to the outputs and outcomes of the TRAVEL PLAN PLUS implementations.
For further details see the Final Implementation and Evaluation Report, which is based on the implementation partner’s monthly records (WP4) and the SUMO-inspired monitoring and evaluation.
Local Travel Plan Networks: Results of the TRAVEL PLAN PLUS project
This is a 4-page summary of the main results, it is available in: English, Catalan, Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Spanish and Swedish.
Local Travel Plan Networks: An Evaluation of Policy Transfer
This report looks at how policy transfer has influenced the outputs and outcomes of the TRAVEL PLAN PLUS project by looking at how:
It also demonstrates what has been achieved at each of the TRAVEL PLAN PLUS sites, evaluates the LTPN concept and discusses the future for these sites and the concept.
LTPN Implementation – Work Package 4
D4.1 – D4.4 LTPN portfolios
During the LTPN implementation partners kept a record of onsite progress, identifying successes, barriers to success and how they overcome such barriers in their monthly records and creating a log of events and measures implemented through the project. There are online versions of these portfolios for Györ, Bages, Stockholm and Cambridge.
Planning for Implementation Results – Work Package 3
Planning for implementation involved each implementation partner completing a Feasibility Study and Detailed Implementation Plan. To access these and other information about the sites please visit the Implementation Sites page.
State of the Art Review – Work Package 2
The main lessons of the State-of-the-Art review are as follows:
D2.1a Literature Review
The literature identified five types of LTPN: Neighbourhood Transport Forums, Area Travel Plans, Business Improvement Districts, Transportation Management Associations and Local Transportation Districts (see Table). These range dfrom informal networks using minimal resources to more formal and legally defined organisations with access to promotional, regulatory and fiscal tools. They can be transport-focused or more generally aligned. LTPN design is also heavily influenced by contextual factors including: the primary actors, the motivations for group formation, the perceived scope and scale of the problem and the organisational environments, along with geographic, political, and institutional factors. Regarding performance, there is a direct correlation between the type of LTPN (and the resources used) and the contribution the network can make to reducing transport externalities.
|Neighbourhood Transport Forums (NTFs)||Area Travel Plans (ATPs)||Business Improvement Districts (BIDs)||Transportation Management Associations (TMAs)||Local Transportation Districts (LTDs)|
|Definition||Informal networks in a loosely defined neighbourhood||Local areas developed for specific uses||Local Authority-business partnership to invest within a defined area||Private, non-profit, member-controlled organisations for defined area||Companies in defined area legally required to develop travel plans|
|Network structure||Organisations all equal||Leading organisation and members||Coordinating organisation created||Coordinating organisation created||Led by Local Authority coordinating organisation|
|Leader-member relationship||Common interest – informal||Landlord-tenant – formal||Financial (tax) – very formal||Financial (member fee) – fairly formal||Legal requirement – very formal|
|Power structure||Power shared equally||Landlord in control||Membership in control||Membership in control||Local Authority in control|
|Transport only issue?||Yes||Yes||No||Yes||Yes|
|Primary actor||Local Authority / private companies||Site management / Local Authority||Local Authority initially, then private BID company||Local Authority / private companies||Local Authority|
|Secondary actors||Private companies / Local Authority||Local Authority / Site management||Private company members||Private company members||Private companies|
|Role of local authority (voluntary travel plan)||Support||Support||Initiator and facilitator||Support||N/A|
|Role of local authority (mandatory travel plan)||Support||Regulator||N/A||Regulator||Regulator|
|Funding||Ad hoc grants, scheme basis||Ad hoc grants, rent||Business levy||Ad hoc||Local authority funded|
Table 1: Attributes of the various Local Travel Plan Network Types
D2.1b Expert Interviews
The expert interviews highlighted the need for an action-based approach, to ensure that LTPNs have an impact, with communication being a key to success. Their experience backs up the literature – economies of scale are achieved through working together and greater investment equals greater efficiency gains. Interviewees reinforced the need for a standardised monitoring framework, which also allow for LTPN-focused objectives. They emphasised the need for monitoring and evaluation to asses the cost saving of LTPNs to organisations, and carbon reduction potential.
The interviewee findings of TRAVEL PLAN PLUS supported the physical implementation of four LTPNs.
D2.2 Policy Transfer
Policy transfer relates to the process whereby knowledge relating to policy, administrative arrangements, and institutions present is utilised to benefit policy in another geographical location or period of time. Any relatively new initiative such as LTPN's involves elements of uncertainty so policy transfer makes for an attractive proposition not least since drawing lessons from other locations can clearly result in resource and time savings. Therefore exploring issues surrounding policy transfer assisted in the implementation of LTPNs across the EU.
The most successful policy transfers: have a local champion; draw on a number of sources rather than a single example; adapt the policy to the situation rather than copying directly; and are incorporated into the institutional framework. Policy transfer should be easier between countries that are culturally similar and timing is all important.
For TRAVEL PLAN PLUS, the contextual aspects underpinning the LTPNs were considered. Wherever practicable the LTPN was integrated into existing organisational operations.